A Langes Messer of South German fashion, circa 1495-1515.

Originally produced for "The Sword: Form and Thought" trade show in Solingen germany, this is an example of the Germanic Langes Messer or Grossemesser.

All hilt components are hand-made from 100+ year-old antique wrought iron rather than modern steel, the parts forged to rough size and then finished by hand with file-work and hand-polishing. The blade shoulder is pierced, and the transverse nagel spike has been driven through both blade and cross before being riveted down.
The handmade blade is made of British EN45 specification carbon steel, forged with my maker's mark, and heat-treated to a spring temper before polishing. The finish has aimed to replicate the surface finish of the originals, and is entirely hand-worked. The single-edged blade is sharpened to a finely honed finish.
The hilt is bound in fine-grained vegetanned sheepskin leather over beech wood scales, pinned in place with copper-alloy tubular pins. The forged end-cap is peined into place on an extension of the full-width tang. The blade comes with a simple hand-sewn scabbard of vegetan leather over a wooden core, lined with woven wool.
This particular messer is based on a number of surviving examples, particularly a south German example auctioned by Dorotheum Auctions, Vienna in July 2012, and dimensional data from a number of messers in private and museum reserve collections I've studied. The hilt shaping, with the distinctive end-cap curl is based on contemporary woodcut illustrations of messers of this type, particularly from Hans Burgkmair's 1516-1518 "Triumphzug Kaiser Maximilians" plate of Messerfechten, or messer-fighters.
Overall Length: 1043mm (41.0 inches)Blade Length: 800mm (31.5 inches)Weight: 883g (1.94 pounds)Balance point: 120mm (4 3/4 inches) from the cross

For Sale: 2000£

Later 14th Century Arming Sword and Rondel Dagger

Later 14th Century arming sword and associated dagger, produced with blackened and hardened carbon steel hilt furniture and rayskin grips. Produced for client to tournament competition rule specifications for "battle of nations" cup, Ukraine

Diamond-section blades of EN45 steel, heat-treated by Armourclass of Glasgow.

Sword Weight: 1,240 grammes
Blade Length for Sword: 76cm / 32 inches
Centre of Gravity for sword: 10.0cm / 4inches from cross

Rondel Dagger weight: 940 grammes
Blade Length for Dagger: 45cm / 18 inches
Centre of gravity for dagger: 10.0cm / 4 inches from cross

Late Medieval Eating Knife

Short-bladed late medieval eating knife.

Handmade in EN45 carbon steel, rosewood, and brass.
Sheath in hand-dyed vegetan leather.

Spine and brass bolsters with extensive filework shaping.

Single-handed Oakeshott Type XIV Arming Sword and Scabbard.

Custom-cut rebated blade of EN45 carbon steel, by Armourclass of Glasgow.

Cross and pommel components cast in phosphorous bronze, Oakeshott type J1 pommel with sterling silver inserts with pointelle decoration. Hilt grip of ashwood, bound with vegetan leather.

Hardwood scabbard lined with natural wool, and a hand-sewn vegetan leather outer. Scabbard suspension is reversed from normal, for the left-handed customer.

Archer's Rondel Dagger

Oversize Archer's Rondel Dagger, 15th Century.

18 inch reenactment-safe blade by Armourclass, glasgow.

Composite Rondels of black horn and satin-polished steel.  Lower rondel inscribed with engraved decoration.
Grip of distressed tan leather with spiral cord riser, to match customer's own main weapon.


Mid 15th C Oakeshott Type XXa

Custom-cut rebated blade of EN45 carbon steel, by Armourclass of Glasgow.

Pommel design based off an example from the Castillon Hoard, circa 1453.

Cross and Pommel of heat-treated and hardened medium-carbon steel.

Ash wood hilt bound with vegetan leather with risers, With a half-wrap of clockwise and counter-clockwise spiralled steel wire.

Weight: 1,320 grammes (2lbs, 15oz)
Length of blade: 89cm (35 inches)
Point of balance: 110mm from cross.

Complex-Hilted, Left-Hand 16th Century Longsword

Complex-hilt longsword loosely based on an example in the Victoria and Albert Museum, london.

89cm Diamond-section blade of EN45 steel by Armourclass, Glasgow.

Hilt of hardened carbon steel, Grip of hand-dyed leather over ashwood core.

Overall weight, 1,580 grammes
Point of balance, 7.5cm / 3 inches from cross

Oakeshott type XVIIIb longsword C.1450-1500AD

Rebated blade of EN45 carbon steel, by Armourclass of Glasgow.

Cross and Pommel cast in phosphorous bronze, with bronze wire half-wrap of clockwise and counter-clockwise spirals.

Ash wood hilt bound with vegetan leather with risers,

Hardwood scabbard core with wool liner and hand-sewn vegetan leather outer.

Gothic Longsword

Gothic Longsword, blade of EN45 spring steel by Armourclass of Glasgow.
Pommel and Cross in heat-treated and hardened medium-carbon steel
Hilt in ashwood with natural vegetan leather.

Blade Length: 890mm / 35inches
Total Length: 1130mm / 44.5inches Weight: 1,150grames / 2lbs, 8oz

Centre of Gravity: 130mm / 5inches from cross

Photograph of original inspiration, courtesy of Zornhau Historiches Fechtschule.

Early Medieval Calligraphy Pen-knife

An interpretation of an early medieval calligrapher's pen-knife.
Produced from jet black 3,000 year-old Irish Bog Oak with .925 Sterling Silver bolster and inlaid pin-work decoration.

Blade of O1 carbon steel.

The general shape is inspired by scribe's knives depicted in manuscript images, as no surviving examples are known to exist.

Late 15th C Rondel Dagger

Hand-worked 1060 carbon steel blade

Octagonal guards in phosphorous bronze.

Grip and Sheath in natural vegetan leather.

Stuart coin scales (King James 1st)

Hand-ground carbon steel balance beam, brass scale pans with hand-woven silk cords, sycamore case with brass hinge loops.

These are an exact duplicate of an original set, dated to just after the 1603 union of the crowns.

Langes Messer, Glasgow Museum Reserves

Glasgow Museums reserve collection Langes Messer E.1939.65.hl

An exact re-creation of a late 15th century langes messer of German origin, from the Robert Lyons Scott Collection, in the care of Glasgow Museums. The handmade blade of EN45 carbon steel and hilt components were made following the study and tracing of the original messer. The original blade is 10mm shorter, but shows the clear markings of a scarf-welded repair close to the point of percussion. The reconstruction has restored the messer to its original dimensions.


Overall weight: 1055 grams. (Original now c.820g due to corrosion loss)

Blade length: 920mm (original now 910mm),

Hilt length: 198mm.

Point of balance: 148mm from cross.

Calligrapher's Pen-Knife

15th Century calligrapher's pen-knife, based off depictions in period manuscripts.

Blade of hardened carbon steel, handle of european boxwood.

13-15th Century Eating Knives

Further examples of eating knives, from top to bottom:

1: Later 15th Century eating knife based on an archaeological find in Saint Albans’, England, in O1 tool steel, Latten bolster, end-cap and pins with English cherry fruitwood scales.

2: Mid 14th - early 15th C knife based on an example in a private collection. EN45 carbon steel, Holly wood grip, bronze pins and bolster plates. Scarlet veg-tanned leather sheath decorated with line and dot punching.

3: Early 14th Century eating knife based the London Bankside excavations, ground in EN45 steel. Whittle Tang handle in European Boxwood with latten bolster plate. Natural veg-tanned sheath with patterns based on surviving examples from the Museum of London.

4: Mid-13th to early 14th century clipped-point eating knife, based on the Museum of London catalogue example TL74 [415] (Cowgill, 1987). Blade forged in EN45 with decorative lines graved on the blade flat and spine. Three-piece composite whittle tang in polished black horn and white holly, and black vegetable-tanned leather sheath.

16th C Scots Charmstone

Replica of a 16th century silver and quartz crystal charm-stone belonging to the Stewarts of Ardsheal, Argyll, now stored in the National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh.

Hand-made for a member of the historic interpretation team at Stirling Castle, from 925 sterling silver and natural quartz stone.

Photograph of original artefact courtesy of National Museum of Scotland:

Manx Seax

10th century Hiberno-Norse fashion seax inlaid with silver and bronze chevrons. Seax sheath tooled with Manx fashion interlace carving.

Sheath of engraved bronze and traditional fatty-tanned vegetan leather, Blade of EN45 steet, Hilt of yew.

15th Century German Rondel Dagger

A late 15th Century Rondel dagger with a blade of triangular cross-section O1 steel, ground and forge-worked to shape. The blade is mounted to an asymmetric octagonal lower guard, a symmetrical octagonal upper guard with lobate pein block of blacked steel, and a grip of burgundy leather over a beechwood core.

The heavily tooled double-layer vegetable tanned leather sheath has been finished with a 2-piece sterling silver chape based on historical construction methods - a cast front with a hammered silver sheet soldered to it for the back face. Lacing aiglets are hand-rolled from sterling silver.

Proportions are based on an example from the Legersmuseum, Delft.
Overall Length: 349mm
Blade Length: 282mm
Overall Weight: 320g

15th Century Crystal and Murano Glass Paternoster

A quartz crystal paternoster, consisting of 50 gemstones in groups of 10, separated by genuine hand-made Venetian crimson and gold Murano glass gauds. 

Examples of this style of rosary or paternoster are found throughout the 15th century, and continue in use into the mid-16th century. While linear paternosters seem to have been used by men regularly, these looped paternosters are used by both men and women in roughly equal measure.

Mary Rose Bollock Dagger

Reproduction in the style of English bollock daggers from the mid 16th century, based on archaeological examples from the wreck of the Mary Rose.

Produced in O1 tool steel, with a hand-carved boxwood handle, and brass plates.